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Overview
 

Sports in America

From Colonial Times to the Twenty-First Century

Edited by Steven A. Riess

Includes: Topic Finder, articles, historical overviews, photos, chronology, organization directory, bibliography

Awards: Outstanding Academic Title, Choice

Reviews:“This outstanding reference meets its stated objective of combining readable and accessible information about sports with a broader perspective that gives readers an understanding of how such activities have been an integral part of American culture, making it a wise selection.” School Library Journal (Starred Review)

“Highly recommended for reference collections serving sports enthusiasts and those interested in recreation and American history.” Library Journal

“Given the topics covered and the accessible writing style, these articles make for fascinating reading for the interested sports fan as well as the student needing background for a research paper. … A serious and thoughtful effort that is accessible to a variety of readers. It offers a fascinating and informed look at the history and social impacts of one of the keystones of our culture. It should find a place in public, high school, and undergraduate libraries.” Against the Grain

Description: A unique new reference work, this encyclopedia presents a social, cultural, and economic history of American sports from hunting, bowling, and skating in the sixteenth century to televised professional sports and the X Games today. Nearly 400 articles examine historical and cultural aspects of leagues, teams, institutions, major competitions, the media and other related industries, as well as legal and social issues, economic factors, ethnic and racial participation, and the growth of institutions and venues. Also included are biographical entries on notable individuals—not just outstanding athletes, but owners and promoters, journalists and broadcasters, and innovators of other kinds—along with in-depth entries on the history of major and minor sports from air racing and archery to wrestling and yachting. A detailed chronology, master bibliography, and directory of institutions, organizations, and governing bodies—plus more than 100 vintage and contemporary photographs—round out the coverage.

Contents

Introduction: Sports and Society in American History
A-Z Entries
Chronology
Institutions, Organizations, and Governing Bodies
Master Bibliography

A-Z Entries
Aaron, Hank
Abdul-Jabbar, Kareem
African American Baseball, Before 1920
African American Baseball, Negro League Era
African Americans
Agents
Air Racing
Ali, Muhammad
All-America Football Conference
All-American Girls Baseball League
Amateur Athletic Union
Amateurism
American Basketball Association
America’s Cup
Archery
Arledge, Roone
Armstrong, Lance
Arts, Visual
Ashe, Arthur
Astrodome
Athletic Clubs
Athletics, Oakland/Kansas City/Philadelphia
Atlas, Charles
Automobile Racing
Avalanche, Colorado/Quebec Nordiques
Baker, Hobey
Baseball, to 1870
Baseball, Major League
Baseball, Minor League
Baseball, Semiprofessional
Basketball, College
Basketball, Professional, Pre-NBA
Basketball, Professional, NBA Era
Basketball, Women’s
Baugh, Sammy
Bears, Chicago
Bennett, James G., Jr.
Berenson, Senda
Billiards
Black Sox Scandal
Blackhawks, Chicago
Blue Jays, Toronto
Blue Laws
Bobsled, Luge, and Skeleton
Bodybuilding
Bonds, Barry
Bowl Games, College Football
Bowling
Boxing
Braves, Atlanta/Milwaukee/Boston
Brotherhood of Professional Baseball Players
Brown, Jim
Brown, Paul
Browns, Cleveland
Bruins, Boston
Brundage, Avery
Bryant, Bear
Bulls, Chicago
Business of Sports
Camp, Walter
Canadiens, Montreal
Canine Sports
Canoeing
Canucks, Vancouver
Cardinals, St. Louis (Baseball)
Catholic Youth Organization
Celtics, Boston
Celtics, Original
Central Park, New York City
Chamberlain, Wilt
Cheerleading
Chinese Americans
Class, Economic and Social
Clemente, Roberto
Clothing
Cobb, Ty
Cockfighting
College All-Star Football Game
College Basketball Scandal of 1951
Colonial Era
Colts, Indianapolis/Baltimore
Comiskey, Charles
Cosell, Howard
Country Clubs
Cowboys, Dallas
Coyotes, Phoenix/Winnipeg Jets
Crawfords, Pittsburgh
Cricket
Crime, Organized
Croquet
Cross Country
Cubs, Chicago
Curling
Cycling
Davis, Al
Davis Cup
De La Hoya, Oscar
Dempsey, Jack
Didrikson (Zaharias), Babe
DiMaggio, Joe
Disability Sports
Diving
Dodgers, Los Angeles/Brooklyn
Drugs, Performance-Enhancing
Early Republic, Antebellum, and Civil War Eras, 1790–1870
Earnhardt, Dale
Eclipse
Ederle, Gertrude
Endorsements, Athlete
Epstein, Charlotte
ESPN
Extreme Sports
Federal League
Feller, Bob
Fencing
Field Hockey
Figure Skating
Film
Fishing
Flames, Calgary/Atlanta
Football, College
Football, Professional
49ers, San Francisco
Foster, Andrew “Rube”
Gambling
Gans, Joe
Gehrig, Lou
German Americans
Giants, Cuban (Baseball)
Giants, New York (Football)
Giants, San Francisco/New York (Baseball)
Gibson, Althea
Gibson, Josh
Gilded Age, 1870–1900
Glickman, Marty
Globalization
Golf
Gonzales, Pancho
Gonzales, Rodolfo “Corky”
Gottlieb, Eddie
Government, Local
Government, U.S.
Grange, Red
Grays, Homestead
Greenberg, Hank
Greenlee, Gus
Gretzky, Wayne
Gulick, Luther
Gymnastics
Hagen, Walter
Halas, George
Hamm, Mia
Handball
Harlem Globetrotters
Harness Racing
Historically Black Colleges
Hogan, Ben
Holman, Nat
Horse Racing
Hot Rodding
Hunting
Ice Hockey
Indianapolis 500
Indians, Cleveland
Industrial Sports
Industrialization
Injuries, Protection Against and Remediation of
Intercollegiate Athletic Associations and Conferences
Interscholastic Sports
Interwar Period and World War II, 1920–1945
Irish Americans
Italian Americans
Japanese Americans
Jeffries, Jim
Jewish Americans
Jockey Club, The
Johnson, Earvin “Magic”
Johnson, Jack
Johnson, Walter
Jones, Bobby
Jordan, Michael
Joyner-Kersee, Jackie
Kahanamoku, Duke
Kentucky Derby
King, Billie Jean
King, Don
Knicks, New York
Koufax, Sandy
Krone, Julie
Lacrosse
Lakers, Los Angeles/Minneapolis
LaMotta, Jake
Landis, Kenesaw Mountain
Lapchick, Joe
Lardner, Ring
Latinos and Latinas
Law
Lee, Bruce
Leonard, Benny
Leonard, Sugar Ray
Lewis, Carl
Lieberman, Nancy
Liston, Sonny
Literature
Literature, Juvenile
Little League Baseball
Lombardi, Vince
Louis, Joe
Luckman, Sid
Mack, Connie
Madison Square Garden
Major League Baseball Players Association
Man o’ War
Manley, Effa
Mantle, Mickey
Maple Leafs, Toronto
Marathon
Marble, Alice
Marciano, Rocky
Martial Arts
Mascots, Names, and Symbols
Mathewson, Christy
Mays, Willie
McGraw, John J.
McLendon, John
Military, Sports and the
Miller, Marvin
Minoso, Minnie
Monarchs, Kansas City
Monday Night Football
Morrissey, John
Motley, Marion
Motorcycle Sports
Mountaineering
Murphy, Isaac
Muscular Christianity
Music
Naismith, James
Namath, Joe
NASCAR
National Association of Professional Base Ball Players
National Football League Players Association
National Hockey League Players’ Association
National Police Gazette
Nationals, Washington/Montreal Expos
Native Americans
Navratilova, Martina
Newspapers and Magazines
Nicklaus, Jack
Nike
Notre Dame, University of
Oilers, Edmonton
Olympics, Summer
Olympics, Winter
O’Malley, Walter
Orioles, Baltimore/St. Louis Browns
Owens, Jesse
Pacific Coast League
Pacific Islanders
Packers, Green Bay
Paige, Satchel
Palmer, Arnold
Pan American Games
Parks, Municipal
Patriots, New England
Pedestrianism
Petty, Richard
Phelps, Michael
Phillies, Philadelphia
Physical Education
Pirates, Pittsburgh
Pistons, Detroit
Playgrounds and Playground Movement
Polish Americans
Pollard, Fritz
Polo
Posey, Cumberland
Postwar Era, 1946–1970
Postwar Era, Since 1970
Progressive Era, 1900–1920
Psychology, Sports
Public Schools Athletic League
Race and Race Relations
Racquet Sports (Except Tennis)
Radio
Raiders, Oakland/Los Angeles
Rams, St. Louis/Los Angeles/Cleveland
Rangers, New York
Red Sox, Boston
Red Wings, Detroit
Reds, Cincinnati
Redskins, Washington
Religion
Renaissance, New York
Reserve Clause
Rickard, Tex
Rickey, Branch
Robertson, Oscar
Robeson, Paul
Robinson, Eddie
Robinson, Frank
Robinson, Jackie
Robinson, Sugar Ray
Rockne, Knute
Rodeo
Roller Sports
Roosevelt, Theodore
Rose, Pete
Ross, Barney
Rowing
Rozelle, Pete
Rudolph, Wilma
Rugby
Running
Russell, Bill
Ruth, Babe
Saloons, Taverns, and Sports Bars
Saperstein, Abe
Schwarzenegger, Arnold
Seabiscuit
Sears, Eleanora
Settlement Houses
76ers, Philadelpia/Syracuse Nationals
Shoemaker, Willie
Shooting
Skateboarding
Skiing, Alpine
Skiing, Freestyle
Skiing, Nordic
Snowboarding
Soccer
Softball
Sokol Movement
Spalding, Albert
Speed Skating
Speedboating
Sporting Goods Industry
Sporting News
Sports Illustrated
Stadiums and Arenas
Stagg, Amos A.
Steelers, Pittsburgh
Steinbrenner, George
Stevens, John C.
Sullivan, John L.
Super Bowl
Surfing
Swimming
Taylor, Major
Technology
Television
Tennis
Thorpe, Jim
Tigers, Detroit
Tilden, Bill
Title IX
Track and Field
Trevino, Lee
Triathlon
Turnvereins
Twins, Minnesota/Washington Senators
Tyson, Mike
Urbanization
Veeck, Bill
Violence in Sports
Volleyball
Warriors, Golden State/San Francisco/Philadelphia
Washington, Ora
Water Polo
Weightlifting
Weissmuller, Johnny
White Sox, Chicago
Wide World of Sports, ABC’s
Williams, Ted
Wills (Moody), Helen
Women
Wooden, John
Woods, Tiger
World Hockey Association
Wrestling, Amateur
Wrestling, Professional
Wright, Harry
Yacht Racing
Yankee Stadium
Yankees, New York
Young Men’s Christian Association and Young Women’s Christian Association
Young Men’s/Women’s Hebrew Association

Chronology

Institutions, Organizations, and Governing Bodies

Master Bibliography
Books

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