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Overview
 

Colonial America (1492-1793)

Edited by James Ciment With an introduction by Michael Zuckerman, University of Pennsylvania

Includes: Topic Finder, thematic essays, A-Z entries, illustrations, maps, topical chronologies, glossary, primary documents, primary and secondary bibliographies

Awards:

Editors’ Choice, Booklist/Reference Books Bulletin

Outstanding Reference Source, Reference and User Services Association, ALA

Pennsylvania School Library Association Best Reference for Young Adults

Reviews:

Colonial America fills a gap in the spectrum of colonial reference sources. ...This is an excellent source for students and other general readers who want to sample a variety of topics or get ideas for paper topics. It is highly recommended for high-school, public, and college libraries.” Booklist, starred review

“This is an extremely accessible and readable reference tool... Entries are well written and exceptionally well cross-referenced, and include brief bibliographies. ...A topic guide and general, biographical, and geographical indexes make this encyclopedia a delight to use. ...Highly recommended. Academic libraries supporting lower-/upper-level undergraduates; public and high school libraries serving general readers.” Choice

“...a good source of original materials... this resource provides a sturdy overview of Colonial America; high school, college, and larger public libraries should consider purchasing it.” Library Journal

“...should be welcome by students of early American history. Colonial America: An Encyclopedia of Social, Political, Cultural, and Economic History is a solid contribution and a worthy addition to serious American history reference collections.” Against the Grain

“ …highly recommended for all high school and undergraduate libraries, and large public libraries serving interested general readers and researchers.” Reference & User Services Quarterly

Description: No era in American history has been more fascinating to Americans, or more critical to the ultimate destiny of the United States, than the colonial era. Between the time the first European settlers established a colony at Jamestown in 1607 and the signing of the Declaration of Independence in 1776, the outlines of America’s distinctive political culture, economic system, social life, and cultural patterns began to emerge.

Designed to complement the high-school American history curriculum as well as undergraduate survey courses, Colonial America: An Encyclopedia of Social, Political, Cultural, and Economic History captures it all: the people, institutions, ideas, and events that helped establish and define the United States of America. While it focuses on the thirteen British colonies along the Atlantic Coast, Colonial America sets this history in a larger context. Entries also cover Canada, the American Southwest and Mexico, and the Caribbean and Atlantic world as they impacted the history of the thirteen colonies. This encyclopedia explores the complete early history of what would become the United States, including portraits of Native American life in the immediate pre-contact period, early Spanish exploration, and the first settlements by Spanish, French, Dutch, Swedish, and English colonists.

Including major thematic essays, hundreds of easy-to-reference entries, thematic and regional chronologies, an extensive collection of primary documents, and hundreds of illustrations and maps, this monumental reference work brings America’s colonial heritage vibrantly to life for today's readers.

Contents:

Introduction: Studying the Colonial Era

Chronologies

Primary Documents

Glossary

Abenaki

Acadia, Nova Scotia

Acadians

Acapulco

Adams, Abigail

Adams, John

Adams, Samuel

African Americans

Agriculture

Albany Congress (1754)

Alcohol

Alexander, Mary Spratt Provoost

American Philosophical Society

Anabaptists

Andros, Sir Edmund

Anglican Church

Anne, Queen

Antigua

Appalachia

Arawak

Armada, Spanish

Army, British

Art, Cartoons, and Broadsides

Art, Fine

Art, Folk

Artisans

Arts, Culture, and Intellectual Life (overview)

Assemblies, Colonial

Atlantic Ocean

Azores and Madeira

Aztec

Bacon, Nathaniel

Bacon’s Rebellion

Baltimore

Banks and Banking

Baptists

Barbados

Bartram Family

Bathing and Hygiene

Beaver Wars

Berkeley, Sir William

Bermuda

Bible

Board of Trade

Boone, Daniel

Borderlands, Spanish

Boston

Boston Massacre

Boston Port Bill

Boston Tea Party

Braddock, Edward

Bradford, William

Bradstreet, Anne

Brant, Joseph

Brant, Mary “Molly”

Brent, Margaret

Bunker Hill, Battle of

Cabot, John

Cabrillo, Juan RodrÍguez

California

Calvert, Cecilius

Calvert, George (First Lord Baltimore)

Calvinism

Canada

Canary Islands

Cape Cod

Captivity (by Native Americans)

Carib

Caribbean Sea

Carteret, Sir George

Cartier, Jacques

Catholic Church

Cayuga

Champlain, Samuel de

Charles I

Charles II

Charles V

Charleston

Cherokee

Chesapeake

Chickasaw

Child Rearing

Children

Choctaw

Christ and Christianity

Cities

Class

Clocks and Timekeeping

Clothing

Coercive Acts (1774)

Coffee

Columbian Exchange

Columbus, Christopher

Committees of Correspondence

Common Sense (1776)

Connecticut

Connecticut River

Constantinople, Fall of

Continental Congress, First

Continental Congress, Second

Coode’s Rebellion

Copley, John Singleton

Corn

Coronado, Francisco VÁzquez de

CortÉz, Hernando

Cotton

Cotton, John

Covenants

Creek

Crime

Cromwell, Oliver

Cuba

Cumberland Gap

Currency

Currency Act (1764)

Dartmouth, Lord

Daughters of Liberty

Death and Dying

Debt and Debtor’s Prison

Deism

Delaware

Delaware River

De Soto, Hernando

Detroit

Dickinson, John

Diplomacy (Foreign Affairs)

Disease

Dominicans

Drake, Sir Francis

Dulany, Daniel, Jr

Dulany, Daniel, Sr

Dunmore, Lord

Dutch

Dutch West India Company

East India Company

Economy, Business, and Labor (overview)

Edict of Nantes, Revocation of

Education

Education, Higher

Edwards, Jonathan

Elizabeth I

English

English Civil War

Enlightenment

Environment and Nature

Equiano, Olaudah

Erie

Exploration

Family

Ferdinand and Isabella

Fish and Fisheries

Florida

Food and Diet

Fort Duquesne

Fort Orange

Fortifications

Franciscans

Franklin, Benjamin

Franklin, William

Free Blacks

French

French and Indian War

Furnishings

Furs

Gage, Thomas

Gambling

Gender Issues (overview)

George I

George II

George III

Georgia

Germans

Glorious Revolution

God

Gorges, Ferdinando

Government, Spanish Colonial

Grain

Great Awakening

Great Lakes

Green Mountain Boys

Grenville, George

Hakluyt, Richard

Halifax

Hamilton, Alexander

Hancock, John

Harriot, Thomas

Harvard College

Henry, Patrick

Hispaniola

Hooker, Thomas

Hopi

Horses

House of Burgesses

Housing

Hudson, Henry

Hudson River

Huguenots

Humboldt, Alexander von

Huron

Hutchinson, Anne

Hutchinson, Thomas

Immigration

Indentured Servitude

Indigo

Inheritance

Inns and Taverns (Public Houses)

Iron

Iroquois Confederacy

Jamaica

James I

James II

Jamestown

Jay, John

Jefferson, Thomas

Jesuits

Jews

Johnson, Sir William

Joint-Stock Companies

Jolliet, Louis

Kentucky

Kieft’s War

King George’s War

King Philip’s War

King’s College

Kitchens, Colonial

Laborers, Rural

Laborers, Urban

Land and Real Estate

Landlords

Language

La Salle, RenÉ Robert Cavelier, Sieur de

Las Casas, BartolomÉ de

Law and Courts

Lee, Richard Henry

Leisler, Jacob

Lenni Lenape (Delaware)

Lexington and Concord, Battles of

Libraries

Literature

Livestock

Locke, John

Long Island

Louis XIV

Louisiana

Loyalists

Maine

Malaria

Manufacturing

Maps and Surveys

Marquette, Jacques

Marriage and Divorce

Mary I

Maryland

Massachusetts

Massachusetts Bay

Massachusetts Bay Charter

Massachusetts Bay Colony

Massasoit

Mather, Cotton

Mather, Increase

Maya

Mayflower Compact

MenÉndez de AvilÉs, Pedro

Mercantilism

Merchants

Methodist Church

Mexico City

Military and Diplomatic Affairs (overview)

Militias

Ministers and the Ministry

Missions

Mississippi River

Mohawk

Mohegan

Montcalm, Louis-Joseph

Montezuma II

Montreal

Murray, Judith Sargent

Music

Natchez

Native American–African American Relations

Native American–European Conflict

Native American–European Relations

Native Americans

Native Americans and Slavery

Navajo

Navigation Acts (1651–1733)

Navy, British

Negro Election Day

New Amsterdam

New Bern

New England, Dominion of

New Hampshire

New Haven

New Jersey

New Mexico

New Netherland

New Orleans

New Spain

New York

New York City

Newfoundland

Newport

Newspapers and Journals

North, Lord

North Carolina

Northwest Passage

Of Plymouth Plantation

Oglethorpe, James

Ohio Country

Oliver, Andrew

OÑate, Juan de

Oneida

Onondaga

Opechancanough

Orphans

Otis, James

Ottawa

Paine, Thomas

Patriots

Patroons

Paxton Boys

Peddlers

Penn, William

Pennsylvania

Pequot

Philadelphia

Philip, King (Metacom)

Philip II

Piedmont

Pietism

Pilgrims

Piracy

Pitt, William

Plantations

Planters

Plymouth

Pocahontas

Politics and Government (overview)

Ponce de LeÓn, Juan

Pontiac

Poor Richard’s Almanack

Population and Demographics

Portsmouth, New Hampshire

Potomac River

Powhatan

Powhatan Confederacy

Praying Towns

Precious Metals

Presbyterianism

Prisons and Punishment

Proclamation of 1763

Property and Property Rights

Prostitution

Providence

Pueblo

Puerto Rico

Puritanism

Quakers

Quebec Act (1774)

Quebec City

Queen Anne’s War

Quincy, Josiah, Jr

Race and Ethnicity (overview)

Raleigh, Sir Walter

Reading and Literacy

Reformation

Regulators

Religion (overview)

Religions, African

Religions, Native American

Revere, Paul

Revolutionary War

Rhode Island

Rice

Rights of the British Colonies Asserted and Proved, The (1764)

Riots

Roanoke Colony

Rolfe, John

Rowlandson, Mary

Royal African Company

Rush, Benjamin

Saint-Domingue

Salem

Santa Fe

Savannah

Science

Scots-Irish

Seminole

Seneca

Sermons

Serra, Fray JunÍpero

Servants, Domestic

Sex

Shakers

Ship’s Stores

Sint Eustatius

Slave Communities and Culture

Slave Rebellions

Slave Trade

Slavery, African American

Slavery, Caribbean

Smallpox

Smith, John

Sons of Liberty

South Carolina

Sports and Recreation

Squanto

St. Augustine

St. Kitts

St. Lawrence River

St. Louis

Stamp Act (1765)

Stuyvesant, Peter

Sugar

Sugar Act (1764)

Susquehanna

Swedes

Syphilis

Taino

Taylor, Edward

Tea

Tea Act (1773)

Technology

Tenant Farming

Tennessee

Texas

Theater

Tidewater

Tobacco

Tools

Tordesillas, Treaty of (1494)

Townshend, Charles

Townshend Acts (1767)

Trade

Transportation, Land

Transportation, Water

Triangle Trade

Tuscarora

Tuscarora War

Vermont

Verrazano, Giovanni da

Vespucci, Amerigo

Vikings

Virginia

Virginia Company

War

War of Jenkins’ Ear

Warren, Mercy Otis

Washington, George

Weaponry

West, Benjamin

Wheatley, Phillis

Whitefield, George

Widows and Widowers

Wilkes, John

William and Mary, College of

William III of Orange and Mary II

Williams, Roger

Williamsburg

Winslow, Josiah

Winthrop, John

Witchcraft and Witch Trials

Wolfe, James

Women

Wright, Susanna

Yale College

Yamasee

Yamasee War

Yeomanry

Zenger, John Peter

Zuni

Chronologies

Thematic

Arts, Culture, and Intellectual Life

Economy, Business, and Labor

Gender Issues

Military and Diplomatic Affairs

Politics and Government

Race and Ethnicity

Religion

Science and Technology

Geographic

Caribbean

Connecticut

Delaware

French Colonies on Mainland North America

Georgia

Maryland

Massachusetts

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New York and New Netherland

North Carolina

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

Spanish Colonies on Mainland North America

Virginia

Primary Documents

Columbus’s Letter Announcing His Discoveries in the New World (1493)

John Cabot’s Discovery of North America (1497)

The Founding of St. Augustine (1565)

The Constitution of the Iroquois Nations (c. 1570)

A Call for English Colonization of America (1584)

The Jamestown Settlement (1607–1609)

The Mayflower Compact (1620)

Rights and Privileges of Patroons (1629)

A Modell of Christian Charity (1630)

The Trial of Anne Hutchinson (1637)

Fundamental Orders of Connecticut (1639)

Psalm 23 from The Bay Psalm Book (1640)

Maryland Toleration Act (1649)

Connecticut Blue Laws (1650)

Virginia Slave Laws (1660s)

Upon the Burning of Our House (1666)

John Eliot and His Work with Native Americans (1670)

Probate Inventory of a Plymouth Colony Estate (1672)

Marquette’s Travels on the Mississippi (1673)

Governor William Berkeley on Bacon’s Rebellion (1676)

Protest of German Quakers Against Slavery (1688)

John Clayton’s Report on Virginia (1688)

Commission of Sir Edmund Andros for the Dominion of New England (1688)

The Salem Witch Trial of Susanna Martin (1692)

Thomas Brattle on the Salem Trials (1692)

A Poem Recalling the Hanging of a Relative due to the Salem Witch Trials (in 1692; pub.1857)

Raising Colonial Children (1699)

Founding of New Sweden (1700s)

Pennsylvania Charter of Privileges (1701)

The Journal of Sarah Kemble Knight (1704)

The French and the Fur Trade (1724)

A Modest Enquiry into the Nature and Necessity of a Paper Currency (1729)

Oglethorpe’s Vision for the Founding of Georgia (1733)

The Trial of Peter Zenger (1735)

Maxims from Poor Richard’s Almanack (1739)

The Demand for Slavery in Georgia (1743)

Rules of Civility & Decent Behaviour in Company and Conversation (c. 1744)

Advice to a Young Tradesman (1748)

Gottlieb Mittelberger on Immigration to the Colonies (c. 1750)

Captivity Narrative of Mary Jemison in the 1750s (pub. 1824)

A Report on the Kite Experiment (1752)

Correspondence of Benjamin Franklin (1752, 1753, 1769)

Founding Colleges in America (1754)

Colonial Recipe for Apple Tansey (1754)

Evangeline, A Tale of Acadie (in 1755; pub. 1847)

Rights of the British Colonies Asserted and Proved (1764)

Townshend Revenue Act (1767)

Newspaper Account of the Boston Massacre (1770)

On the Death of the Rev. Mr. George Whitefield (1770)

On Being Brought from Africa to America (early 1770s)

A Tutor and his Pupils (1773–1774)

The Boston Port Act (1774)

Slave Petition to the Governor, Council, and House of Representatives of the Province of Massachusetts (1774)

A Case for Non-Interference by Parliament (1775)

Petition of London Merchants for Reconciliation with the Colonies (1775)

Tobacco Growing (1775)

Common Sense (1776)

Letters between Abigail Adams and John Adams (1776)

The Declaration of Independence (1776)

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