Jazz Age (1919-1929)

From the End of World War I to the Great Crash

By James Ciment

Includes: Topic Finder, A-Z entries, sidebars, cultural landmarks, photos, master bibliography


“This two-volume illustrated encyclopedia brings together articles and thematic essays that capture the social, political, economic, and cultural spirit of the Jazz Age. ... School libraries, public libraries, and libraries serving undergraduates will find this unique resource a welcome addition to their collection.” Library Journal

“The strength of Ciment’s historical encyclopedias is the degree to which he captures the extent of social and economic change, and this one is no exception. The topics and biographies he selects carefully reflect the artistic, cultural and social achievements of the period as well as its political, military and economic realities. A solid apparatus supports further research, and an annotated list of cultural landmarks help students and teachers find resources that reflect the period. This well-prepared encyclopedia will serve high school, public and academic audiences.” John R.M. Lawrence, Gale Reference Reviews

“This encyclopedia is a welcome addition…. Essential.” Choice

“Teachers will appreciate the range of topics, and students will find the text accessible and engaging. Highly recommended for high school and public libraries.” Doug Achterman, Gale Reference Reviews

Description: This illustrated encyclopedia offers in-depth coverage of one of the most fascinating and widely studied periods in American history. Extending from the end of World War I in 1918 to the Wall Street crash in 1929, the Jazz Age was a time of frenetic energy and unprecedented historical developments, ranging from the League of Nations, woman suffrage, Prohibition, the Red Scare, the Ku Klux Klan, the Lindberg flight, and the Scopes trial to the rise of organized crime, motion pictures, and celebrity culture.

Encyclopedia of the Jazz Age provides detailed information on the politics, economics, society, and culture of the era in a fast-paced narrative that will appeal to readers from senior high school through the undergraduate level. Entries cover themes, personalities, institutions, ideas, events, trends, and more; special features such as sidebars and cultural landmarks help bring the era vividly to life.


Introduction: The Jazz Age, 1918–1929

Cultural Landmarks

Adkins v. Children’s Hospital (1923)


African Americans

Agricultural Marketing Act of 1929



Algonquin Round Table

Alien Property Custodian Scandal

American Civil Liberties Union

American Farm Bureau Federation

American Federation of Labor

American Mercury



Anderson, Sherwood


Anti-Prohibition Movement

Anti-Saloon League


Appliances, Household

Arbuckle (Fatty) Scandal


Armstrong, Louis

Art, Fine

Asian Americans

Atlas, Charles

Automobile Industry

Automobiles and Automobile Culture


Bailey v. Drexel Furniture Company (1922)

Baker, Josephine

Baldwin, Roger


Beauty Industry and Culture

Beiderbecke, Bix

Berger, Victor

Berlin, Irving

Bernays, Edward L.

Birth Control

Black Sox Scandal



Borah, William

Boston Police Strike of 1919

Bow, Clara


Brandeis, Louis

Bureau of Investigation

Burroughs, Edgar Rice

Business, Economics, and Labor (overview)

Byrd, Richard E.


Capone, Al

Catholics and Catholicism

Celebrity Culture

Chamber of Commerce, U.S.

Chaplin, Charlie

Chicago Race Riot of 1919

Child Labor

Children and Child Rearing

China, Relations with

Cigarettes and Tobacco

Coal Industry

Coal Strike of 1919

Commerce Department, U.S.

Communist Party

Consumer and Popular Culture (overview)

Coolidge, Calvin

Country Music

Credit and Debt, Consumer

Crime, Organized

Criminal Punishment

Cummings, E.E.

Dance, Performance

Dance, Popular

Darrow, Clarence

Daugherty, Harry M.

Davis, John W.

Dawes, Charles

Dawes Plan (1924)

DeMille, Cecil B.

Demobilization, Industrial

Democratic Party

Dempsey, Jack

DePriest, Oscar

Design, Industrial

Dewey, John

Dominican Republic, Intervention in

Dos Passos, John

Dreiser, Theodore

Drugs, Illicit and Illegal

Du Bois, W.E.B.

Economic Policy

Ederle, Gertrude

Education, Elementary and Secondary

Education, Higher

Election of 1918

Election of 1920

Election of 1922

Election of 1924

Election of 1926

Election of 1928

Electricity Industry

Eliot, T.S.


Europe, Relations with

Evangelicals and Evangelical Christianity

Fads and Stunts

Fairbanks, Douglas

Family, Community, and Society (overview)

Farmer-Labor Party

Fashion, Men’s

Fashion, Women’s

Federal Highway Act of 1921

Federal Power Commission

Federal Radio Commission



Film Industry

Fisher, Carl

Fitzgerald, F. Scott, and Zelda Fitzgerald

Florida Land Boom

Flu Pandemic (1918)

Flynn, Elizabeth Gurley

Food Administration, U.S.

Food and Diet


Ford, Henry

Ford Motor Company

Fordney-McCumber Tariff of 1922

Foreign Affairs (overview)

Fosdick, Harry Emerson

Four-Power Treaty (1921)

Fourteen Points

Fundamentalism, Christian

Garvey, Marcus

Gary, Elbert H.

Gastonia Strike of 1929

General Electric

General Motors

Geneva Arms Convention of 1925

German Americans

Gershwin, George

Gish, Lillian

Gitlow v. New York (1925)


Grange, Red

Haiti, Intervention in

Harding, Warren G.

Harlem Renaissance

Havana Conference of 1928

Health and Medicine

Hearst, William Randolph

Hemingway, Ernest


Holmes, Oliver Wendell, Jr.

Homosexuals and Homosexuality

Hood, Raymond

Hoover, Herbert

Hoover, J. Edgar


Hughes, Langston


Immigration Laws of 1921 and 1924

Industrial Workers of the World

Irish Americans

Italian Americans

Japan, Relations with


Jewish Americans

Jones, Bobby


Keaton, Buster

Kellogg-Briand Pact (1928)

Kennedy, Joseph

King Tut’s Tomb

Ku Klux Klan

La Follette, Robert

Labor Movement

Landis, Kenesaw Mountain

Lasker, Albert

Latin America, Relations with

Latinos and Latinas

Law and the Courts

Lawrence Textile Strike of 1919

League of Nations

League of Women Voters

Leisure and Recreation

Leopold and Loeb Case (1924)

Lewis, John L.

Lewis, Sinclair

Lindbergh Flight (1927)

Locarno Treaties (1925)

Locke, Alain

Lost Generation

Luce, Henry


Marriage, Divorce, and Family

Mayer, Louis B.

McAdoo, William G.

McKay, Claude

McPherson, Aimee Semple

Mead, Margaret

Mellon, Andrew

Mencken, H.L.

Mexico, Relations with

Migration, Great

Military Affairs

Mississippi Flood of 1927

Music, Classical

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People

National Association of Manufacturers

National City Bank

Native Americans

Ness, Eliot

New York Daily News

New Yorker, The

Nicaragua, Intervention in

Nonpartisan League


Norris, J. Frank

Office Work

Oil and Oil Industry

O’Keeffe, Georgia

Oliver, Joe “King”

O’Neill, Eugene

Osborn, Henry Fairfield

Palmer, A. Mitchell

Paris Peace Conference of 1919

Parker, Dorothy

Passaic Textile Strike of 1926

Paul, Alice

Pickford, Mary


Politics (overview)

Ponzi Schemes

Population and Demographics


Prohibition (1920–1933)


Protestantism, Mainstream



Radio Corporation of America

Railroad Shopmen’s Strike of 1922

Railroads and Railroad Industry

Railway Labor Act (1926)

Reader’s Digest

Real Estate

Recession of 1921–1922

Red Scare of 1917–1920

Reparations and War Debts

Republican Party

Retail and Chain Stores

Rockne, Knute

Rogers, Will

Rosewood Massacre (1923)

Ross, Harold

Ruth, Babe

Sacco and Vanzetti Case (1920–1921)

Sanger, Margaret

Sarnoff, David

Schenck v. United States (1919)

Schultz, Dutch


Scopes Trial (1925)

Seattle General Strike of 1919

Sex and Sexuality

Sheppard-Towner Act (1921)

Siberian Intervention

Sinclair, Harry

Sloan, Alfred P.

Smith, Al

Smith, Bessie

Snyder Act (1921)

Social Gospel

Socialism and the Socialist Party of America


Steel Strike of 1919–1920

Stein, Gertrude

Stock Market

Strong, Benjamin, Jr.


Swanson, Gloria

Swope, Gerard

Taft, William Howard

Teapot Dome Scandal


Telephone and Telegraph



Tilden, Bill


Travel and Tourism

Tulsa Race Riots of 1921

Universal Negro Improvement Association


Versailles, Treaty of (1919)


Volstead Act (1919)

Walker, Jimmy

War Finance Corporation

Washington Naval Conference (1921–1922)

Wealth and Income

Weissmuller, Johnny

Welfare Capitalism

Wheeler, Burton K.

Wilson, Edith

Wilson, Woodrow

Women and Gender

Women’s Movement

Young Plan (1929–1930)


Cultural Landmarks

Art and Architecture

Literature: Fiction, Nonfiction, and Poetry

Performing Arts: Film, Theater, and Music

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